ISLAMIC PRACTICES

Basic Islamic Practices that strengthens the Islamic Values

Islam does not leave anything to chance. Its practical applications and implementations in the daily lives of Muslims are its true manifestations that it is not just a religion but a way of life. THos more one practices, closer one becomes to the Allah and the Holy Prophet, tHos a likelihood of acquiring a better life both in this World and the Next.

There are many references through out the Holy KORAN and the HADITH about the FIVE Fundamental Requirements of a Muslim. Some of the specific references are listed here, as sHown below:

There is an even more specific reference to the above Five Pillars of Islam in this Hadith [H-3], from the Forty Hadiths translated out of Al-Bukhari and Muslim by Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies.

Islam has been built on Five Pillars (Arkans), testifying that:

1: There is no god but ALLAH and MOHAMMAD is the Holy Prophet [Faith or E-mann].

2: Perform Prayers

3: Pay the Zakat [Payments to Poor]

4: Make the Pilgrimage [Hajj]

5: Fast in the Month of Ramadan [Fasting]

1: Faith (E-mann)

There is no god worthy of worship and praise except the God (Allah) and Mohammad is His messenger. This declaration of faith is called the Kulma, a simple acknowledgement by all the faithful in Islam. In Arabic, the first part is "La-a-laha il-lulla Ho 'there is no god except God'. Here god can refer to anything which we may be tempted to put in place of the God – Idols, Statues, Sun, Fire, Wealth, Power, and the like. Then comes il-lullah Ho: 'except the God', the source of all Creation. The second part of the Kulma is Mohammadur Rasool'ullah: Mohammad is the messenger of God (Allah), the noblest person whom Allah cHose for the guidance of Homanity.

The Second Kulma is known as the Shahada (Witness) and in Arabic, it is pronounced as:

Aush ha do un la a la ha il lul la Ho Wahida Ho la shareeka la Ho, Wa Aush ha do unna Mohammadun Abdo Ho Wa Rasoolo Ho.

I declare that there is no god but GOD (Allah), the only ONE, witHout any one being equal at all. I also declare that Mohammad is Allah’s person and the Prophet.

Holy Kaaba - The House of Allah

Roda-a-Rasool, The Home of Holy Prophet

Both the Holy Koran and Hadith refers to faith as:

2: Daily Prayer

The daily Prayer (Salat) is the name for the obligatory prayers, which are performed five times a day, a form of a direct link between the worshipper and Allah. There is no hierarchical autHority in Islam and no priests as such. A learned person (Imam) who knows the Holy Koran, cHosen by the congregation leads the prayers. These five prayers contain verses from the Holy Koran, and are said in Arabic, the language of the Revelation. The personal supplication can be offered in one's own language. Prayers are performed at Dawn, Noon, Mid-afternoon, Sunset and Nightfall, and tHos determine the rhythm of the entire day. although it is preferable to worship together in a mosque, Muslims may pray almost anywhere, such as at Homes, offices, factories, Hospitals and universities etc. Visitors to the Muslim countries are struck by the centrality of prayers in daily lives of Muslims, and in particular about the Call of Prayer (the Addan).

Both the Holy Koran and Hadith refers to daily Prayers as:

These are the FIVE daily prayers that all Muslims are required to perform:

Prayer

Arabic Name

Prayer Name English Name

Rakats

Sequences

(Total)

Fards (F)

(Compulsory)

Sunah

(Expected)

Nafils

(Optional)

Vitur

(Expected)

Prior to F

After F

Fajir

Dawn

4

2

2

-

   

Dohar

Noon

12

4

4

 

2

 

Asar

Mid-Afternoon

8

4

4

     

Mughrab

Sunset

7

3

 

2

2

 

Isha

Nightfall

17

4

4

2

2, 2

3

Special Prayers

Prayer

Arabic Name

Prayer Name (English Name)

Rakats

(Total)

Fards (F)

(Compulsory)

Sunah

(Expeted)

Nafils

(Optional)

Prayer

Frequency

Prior to F

After F

Juma

Friday

12

2

4

4

2

Once a week

Eid AL-Fitar

Ramadan

Ending

2 with 6 extra Takbirs

 

2

   

Once a Year

Eid-AL Adha

Hajj

Celebration

2 with

6 Takbirs

 

2

   

Once a Year

Hajj-Prayer

On Hajj Day

at Araft only

4

2 , 2

Dohar & Asar

     

Once a Year

by Hojjaj only

Travee

Ramadan

10 - 20

   

2*10

 

Nights in R’dan

Jinnaza

On Death

1 with

4 Takbirs

1

     

Prior to Burial

Tahajed

Mid-Night

2 -12

     

2*6

Every Night

Prayer Surah’s (Recitations)

Here are the prayer wordings both in Arabic (English text) and its English translation

Prayer Procedure and Surah’s

Addan (Call to prayer) is said in order to invite all Muslims in the neighbourHood for a prayer – This is normally done in a mosque but even at Home and at work place one should say the Addan, facing towards the Holy Kaaba (The House Of Allah in Mekka) prior to the actual prayer:

ADDAN- ARABIC- ENGLISH

----------------------------------

ALLAHO AKBAR (Allah is the greatest)

ALLAHO AKBAR (Allah is the greatest)

ALLAHO AKBAR (Allah is the greatest)

ALLAHO AKBAR (Allah is the greatest)

ASH-HADO AL-LA ILAHA ILLALLAH (I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah)

ASH-HADO AL-LA ILAHA ILLALLAH (I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah)

ASH-HADO AN-NA MOHAMMADAR RASULULAH (I bear witness that Mohammad (P.B.U.H.) is the Holy Prophet)

ASH-HADU AN-NA MOHAMMADAR RASULULAH (I bear witness that Mohammad (P.B.U.H.) is the Holy Prophet)

HAYYA ALAS SALAH (Come to prayer)

HAYYA ALAS SALAH (Come to prayer)

HAYYA ALAL FALAH (Come and gain your Goodness )

HAYYA ALAL FALAH (Come and gain your Goodness)

ALLAHO AKBAR (Allah is the greatest)

ALLAHO AKBAR (Allah is the greatest)

LA ILAHA ILLALLAH (There is no deity but Allah)

In Adhan for Fajr Prayer (Salah), the following sentence is added after: HAYYA ALAL FALAH

ASLATO KHAYRUM MINUN NOOM (Prayer is better than sleep)

ASLATO KHAYRUM MINUN NOOM (Prayer is better than sleep)

On completion of the Adhan, Muslims are recommended to recite:

ALLAHUMMA RABBA HADHI-HE DAWA-TAY, WA SALAT IL QAE-MA

(O Allah! Lord of this complete call and prayers of ours, by the blessing of it.)

ATI MOHAMMADAN WASELATA WAL FADI LATA

(give to Mohammad his eternal rights of intercession,)

WA-DARAJATAR-RAFIA

(distinction and highest class [in paradise].)

WA-MAQAMUM-MAHMUDA-NIL LADHI WA AT-TAHO

(And raise him to the promised rank you have promised him.)

IN-NAKA LA-TUKH LAY FUL MIAD

(Surely you never go back on your word)

Once the Muslims have gathered and ready for the prayer, IQAMAH (The prayer commencement call) is said. This is meant to be for a group prayer and even an individual praying alone, need to say the IQAMAH as sHown below:

IQAMAH - ARABIC - ENGLISH

--------------------------

ALLAHO AKBAR (Allah is the greatest)

ALLAHO AKBAR (Allah is the greatest)

ALLAHO AKBAR (Allah is the greatest)

ALLAHO AKBAR (Allah is the greatest)

ASH-HADO AL-LA ILAHA ILLALLAH (I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah)

ASH-HADO AL-LA ILAHA ILLALLAH (I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah)

ASH-HADO AN-NA MOHAMMADAR RASULULAH (I bear witness that Mohammad (P.B.U.H.) is the Holy Prophet)

ASH-HADO AN-NA MOHAMMADAR RASULULAH (I bear witness that Mohammad (P.B.U.H.) is the Holy Prophet)

HAYYA ALAS SALAH (Come to prayer)

HAYYA ALAS SALAH (Come to prayer)

HAYYA ALAL FALAH (Come to your Good)

HAYYA ALAL FALAH (Come to your Good)

QAD QAMATIS SALAH (The prayer has begun.)

QAD QAMATIS SALAH (The prayer has begun.)

ALLAHO AKBAR (Allah is the greatest)

ALLAHO AKBAR (Allah is the greatest)

LA ILAHA ILLALLAH (There is no deity but Allah)

The Actual prayer start as part of a first Rakat (Sequence) while facing towards the Holy Kaaba, The House of Allah in Mekka, Arabia.

The Holy Kaaba - The House of Allah

INTENTION

---------

Maka a sincere intention to perform the prayers purely for the sake of Allah.

Say to yourself (in any language) that you intend to offer this prayer (Prayer)

(Fajr, Dohr, Asr, Maghrib or Isha), Fard, Sunna or vitr, and the number of rakats

(example1 - I intend to offer two Rikat of Fard, Fajr prayer for Allah).

(example2 - I intend to offer two Rikat of Suna, Fajr prayer for Allah).

By keeping you palm straight and raise your both hands in parallel just above your shoulder height and say

Allah Ho Akbar (God is great)

Bring your left palm on your belly button and place your right palm on top of it and

(Ladies place their both hands slightly higher close to the heart position)

say :

THANA - ARABIC

---------------

Subhanaka Allah Homma wa bihamdika, wa tabaraka ismuka,

wa ta'ala jadduka, wa la ilaha ghairuk"

THANA - ENGLISH

---------------

Praise and glory be to you Allah. Blessed be Your Name, exalted be Your Majesty and Glory. There is no God but You

TA'OWEDH - ARABIC

------------------

Audu billah i mina ashaita nirrajeem

TA'OWEDH - ENGLISH

------------------

I seek Allah's shelter from Satan, the condemned

TASMIAH - ARABIC

-----------------

Bismillah ir rehma nirra heem

Al Homdo lil-lahi rab-bil al ala-meen. Arrahman i rraheem.

Maliki yaum i eddeen.

Iyyaka nabudu wa iyyaka nasta een.

Ihdinas sirata almustaqeem.

Siratal lazhina anamta alaihim, ghairil maghdubi alaihim, wa la adhdhaal leen.

(Aameen)

TASMIAH - ENGLISH

-----------------

In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

Praise be to Allah, The Cherisher and Sustainer of the Worlds; Most

Gracious, Most Merciful; Master of the Day of Judgment. We only worship you,

and we seek your assistance. SHow us the straight way, the way of those on whom

you have bestowed your Grace, and not of those who received your wrath.

SURAH AKHLAS – ARABIC

Kul Ho wala Ho aŠ Hod Allah Hosa mud

Lum ya lid wa lum you lud, wa lum ya kuna Ho kofo un aŠ Hod

SURAH AKHLAS – ENGLISH

Say Allah is One, Allah is most gracious

Allah does not have any offspring’s and neither Allah was ever an offspring of any one. There is no one in comparison with Allah.

Saying Allah Ho Akbar (God is great), place your hand palms on your knees, bend your back to almost 90 degrees, and say:

RAKOO (Knee level)

Subha na rabee yal azeem (Glory be to Allah, the purest of all)

Repeat this verse at least five times while remaining in the Rakoo position, now stand up by saying:

Samay Allah Holay mun hameda (Allah has heard the caller)

Prior to SUJDA (Prostrate)

Place your both hand palms firmly on the ‘ground / prayer matt’, while reaching to that position, say:

Raba na la kal Homad (All praise be to Allah)

In SUJDA (Prostrate)

While in this postion with forehead and nose touching the prayer matt, repeat the following verse for at least five times

Subha na rabee yal alla (My God is purest of all and greatest of all)

Once finished , stand up by saying:

Allah Ho Akbar (God is great)

This procedure completes one RAKAT (Sequence) and same procedure is repeated througHout in each subsequent RAKAT.

QADA (Sitting Down)

In a two RAKAT prayer, at the end of second RAKAT, few additional steps are performed while sitting down on thighs, feet bent with knees pointing forwards and saying the following verse:

ATTAHIYAT - ARABIC

-------------------

Attahiyat u lil Allah i wa assalawat u wa attaiyibat.

Assalam u a'laika aiyoha annabiyyu wa rahmat u Allah i wa barakatuh.

Assalam u a'laina wa a'la ebadi e llahi essaliheen.

Ashehadu alla ilaha illa Allah u wa ashhadu anna Mohammadan abduHo wa rasooluh.

ATTAHIYAT - ENGLISH

-------------------

All our oral, physical and monetary ways of worship are only for Allah.

Peace, mercy and blessing of Allah be on you, Our Prophet. May peace be upon

us and on the devout slaves of Allah. I testify that there is no God but

Allah and I testify that Mohammad is His slave and messenger.

 

PRAYER ALA AN-NABI - ARABIC

---------------------------

Allah umma salli a'la Mohammadin wa ala aali MuHommadin, kama sallaita ala

Ibraheema, wa ala aali Ibraheem, innaka hameedun majeed. Allah u mma barik

a'la Mohammadin wa ala aali MoHommadin, kama barakta ala Ibraheema, wa ala

aali Ibraheem, innaka h ameedun majeed".

PRAYER ALA AN-NABI - ENGLISH

---------------------------

Allah send your Mercy on Prophet Mohammad and his posterity as you sent Your mercy on Abraham and his posterity. You are the Most Praised, The Most Glorious.Allah, send your Blessings on Mohammad and his posterity as you have blessed Abraham and his posterity. You are the Most praised, The Most Glorious".

 

SHORT DOWA- WISHES

In ARABIC: Ra bijalni mokeemus salatay wa min zoriatee rabana wataqabal dowa. Raba nagh firlee walay walay deiya walil momay neena yoma yakoo mul hisab.

In ENGLISH: Allah almighty, guide me towards your regular prayers and my children too. Please accept all my sincere requests and grant my parent and me and all true Muslim’s, your goodness on the day of judgement.

In ARABIC: Rubbana aatina fi uddunya hasanatun wa fil aakherati hasah, waqina a'zabannar.

In ENGLISH: Allah, please grant us the good of this world and that of the Hereafter and save us from the torture of Hell.

Prayer ending greetings (Salam) to both on your right and left to Muslims and Angels

Say while moving head towards in line with the right shoulder

Aslam-o- Alakum wa rahma tulla (May Allah’s blessings be on all of you)

Repeat again while moving head in line with the left shoulder

This completes the Two RAKAT (Sequence) and in a Four RAKAT prayer, the Two RAKAT sequence is repeated up to the end of ATTAHIYAT – ARABIC and then stand up by Saying:

Allah ho Akbar (God is great)

And continue with the remaining two RAKAT to the end and this will complete the Four RAKAT prayer.

END of PRAYER

1: Say 33 times "SubnAllah" (Allah is Gloried)

2: Say 33 times "Al homdo lil-lahi" (Thank you Allah

3: Say 33 times "Allah-o-Akbar" (Allah is the greatest)

DOWA (Wishes)

Now you can make your Nobel wishes from ALLAH TALA with the blessings of the Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H).

3: Fasting

Every year in the Arabic month of Ramadan, Muslims are expected to fast from first Day light until Sunset, abstaining from food, drink and sexual relations. those who are sick, elderly, or travelling and women who are pregnant or nursing a baby are permitted to abstain from fasting and make up an equal number of days later in the year once in normal situation. If they are physically unable to do this, they must feed a needy person for every day missed. Children begin to fast (and to observe the prayer) from the age of reaching puberty, although many start earlier. The fast is considered most beneficial for the health of an individual. It is regarded principally as a method of a self purification by cutting oneself off from worldly comforts even for a sHort time, a fasting person gains true sympathy with those who go hungry as well as growth in one's spiritual life and fulfilment of religious obligations.

The end of Ramadan is celebrated by the Eid al-Fitr, a feast-day where relatives and family members get together after the Eid Prayer and commemorate the end of Ramadan, as one of the main festivals of the Muslim calendar.

The Holy Koran and Hadith refers to Fast as:

4: Payments to Poor (Zakat)

One of the most important principles of Islam is that all things belong to Allah and that wealth is therefore held by Homan beings in trust. The word Zakat means both 'purification' and 'growth'. By setting aside a proportion for those in need purifies individual’s possessions. It can be described like the pruning of plants tHos cutting back balances and encourages new growth. Each Muslim calculates his or her own zakat individually. For most purposes this involves the payment each year of two and a half percent (2.5%) of one's net capital.

Zakat maintains an economic growth by keeping the money flowing within a society. Zakat is a requirement for a Muslim and it must not be confused with Sadaqa (Charity) which is offered voluntary. A pious person may also give sadaqa as much as one pleases, and does so preferably in secret. although this word can be translated as 'voluntary charity' it has a wider meaning. The Holy Prophet said 'even meeting your brother with a cheerful face is charity.'

The Holy Prophet said: ‘Charity is a necessity for every Muslim’. He was asked: What if a person has nothing?' The Prophet replied: 'He should work with his own hands for his benefit and then give something out of such earnings in charity’. The Companions asked:

'What if he is not able to work?' The Prophet said: 'He should help

Poor and Needy persons’. The Companions further asked 'What if he

Cannot do even that’? The Prophet said 'He should urge others to do

Good’. The Companions said 'What if he lacks that also?' The Prophet said 'He should refrain himself from doing evil’. That is also charity.

The Holy Koran refers to Zakat as:

5: Pilgrimage (Hajj)

The annual pilgrimage to Makkah - the Hajj - is an obligation only for those who are physically and financially able to perform it. Nevertheless, about two million Muslims go to Makkah each year from every corner of the globe providing a unique opportunity for those of different nations to meet one another. although Makkah is always filled with Muslim visitors, the annual Hajj begins on the 12th month of the Islamic Hijra calendar (a lunar calendar) so that Hajj and Ramadan fall sometimes in summer, sometimes in winter.

Pilgrims wear special clothes, basically two sheets of cloth in white for men and white dress for women, symbolising classless noble people where all stand equal before Allah (God).

Hajj gethering at Minnah

The Hajj procedures have Prophet Abraham’s origins. It include circling the Kaaba seven times anti clockwise known as Tawaf, and walking seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwa in the neighbourHood of Kaaba. This is done in memory of Hazrit Hajra, the wife of Prophet Abraham during her search for water for the baby Ismael. The pilgrims gather in the outskirts of Mekka in a valley the Mina and perform their regular prayers for 2-3 days prior to spending a whole day in the plain of Arafat on the Hajj day and join in prayers for God's forgiveness. This is often thought of as a preview of the Last Judgement day.

Hajj view at the plain of Arafat

They all return back to Mina by the next morning via Muzdalfa and complete their remaining Hajj procedures such as offering animal (sheep, camel or bull) sacrifice, stoning devil replica’s (Satin), hair cuts (Men only), and going back for the Tawaf of Kaaba in Mekka.

Holy Kaaba - Close up View

Holy Kaaba - Tawaf View

In previous centuries the Hajj was an arduous undertaking. Today, However, Saudi Arabia provides millions of people with water, modern transport, and the most up-to-date health facilities.

The close of the Hajj is celebrated by the Eid al-Adha festival. This is celebrated with prayers and the exchange of gifts in Muslim communities everywhere.

The Holy Koran and Hadith refers to Hajj as:

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